The medical cannabis industry has produced a wealth of knowledge about the genetics and chemistry of individual cannabis strains. Several years ago, the cannabis “crops” were identified using only the owner’s knowledge of genetics. However, in recent years, genetic sequencing has provided conclusive evidence that is not only applicable to humans, but can also be used to study the efficacy and safety of medical cannabis strains in treating illnesses. A recent study concluded that there are three specific strains of cannabis that may have distinct effects on humans; strains which may have significant implications for psychosis. While the ability to breed specific strains of cannabis and create new medications is still unknown, this research does demonstrate the importance of genetic research in the future. Understanding the genetics behind schizophrenia and other psychosis-related illnesses may pave the way for more effective treatments, possibly allowing patients with these conditions to live productive and meaningful lives.

Indica and Sativa

Past research has focused on two specific cannabis strains: indica and sativa. These can be found at MoM dispensaries in Canada While it is generally accepted that indica produces a more intense and potent “high,” researchers have theorized that differences in the structure of the plant allowed it to adapt better to different environments and produce more powerful chemicals in order to combat disease. In particular, the landrace strains are thought to have been less susceptible to disease because they had greater genetic potential for resistance. Landrace strains of cannabis include Brandywine, Highland, English breakfast, Jamaican Blue, London black and Norwegian.

A recent study focused on two modern cannabis strains: Canadian Black and Danish. These two cannabis varieties were chosen because they are the first two landrace strains to be hybridized and have been bred specifically to produce very similar characteristics. The research focused on two distinct yet closely related plant communities-the Canadian Black and the Danish. Not to mention HCFSE Diamonds.  Both of these modern cannabis strains share the same general characteristics, including relatively short flowering times (generally less than six weeks), low density, high content of THC (up to 40%) and relatively large amounts of CBD (up to 25%).

The Difference

The difference between the two cannabis strains lies primarily in their genetic material. The Cannabinoid genetics found in indicas is completely different from the Sativa genetics found in sativas. It is this seemingly unidirectional genetic drift that has allowed many strains of cannabis to develop extremely potent and highly successful hybrids. The Cannabinoids in indicas have not only enabled them to gain a highly attractive, diverse and versatile character; they have also enabled them to overcome some of the drawbacks associated with hybrids-namely, the ability to produce powerful and intoxicatingly psychoactive drugs. By selecting specific cannabis strains that have been crossbred and specially selected for their relative strengths, breeders have been able to extend the reach and versatility of modern cannabis.

The two major cannabis strains on the market are the favourites among consumers. Mazzarella is a very fine example of a good strain; it has a pleasant sweet taste with a hint of chocolate and a very balanced THC and CBD content. It is a strain that is highly respected amongst many consumers in the world over. The strain is said to produce good effects on people who suffer from schizophrenia, particularly those patients suffering from the debilitating disease that is characterized by hallucinations and a severe degree of disassociation. The popularity of the Mazzarella strain is attributed in part to its low level of toxicity and it is also very good in producing high quality, energetic and intelligent children. The Cannabinoid genetics in this strain ensure that the cannabis plant stays young and beautiful, with the flowers being full of luscious green and yellow hairs, perfect for growing in large numbers indoors.

The second popular strain is named Diesel. This is another highly popular and hardy hybrid strain, which has the advantage of being able to deal with a number of dietary issues. A disadvantage of Diesel as a whole is that it tends to be very sensitive to temperature and can become dormant in cold weather. The Sativa strains on the other hand can deal with a wide range of temperature changes and are therefore perfect for the southern states, where the weather is less harsh. Hybrid strains such as Diesel and indicas like Sensitive are highly useful for providing the cannabis consumer with a full range of high CBD levels, without getting too hyper or high on the THC.

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